Developmental Analysis Essay

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Developmental Profile

...Developmental Profile August 4, 2012 Jessica is a fourteen year old Puerto Rican girl who is in her third trimester of pregnancy. Jessica has been sexually molested by her father Carlos and her twenty-five year old brother Junior since she was eight years old. Jose is Jessica’s boyfriend who is twenty-one years old and they have been sexually active since they met at a party. She currently lives with an aunt who took her in once the molestation and teen pregnancy came to light a few months ago. Jessica has no contact with her mother at this time. Her mother left the family when Jessica was six months old, but Jessica has no idea why her mother left. She has seen her mom from time to time, but they do not speak anymore. Jessica states that she took care of the family for as long as she can remember. It is reported that Junior took care of Jessica until she was able to care for herself. He helped her with potty training and learning to dress it did take her awhile to learn how to be totally potty trained. As soon as she was old enough she was cooking, cleaning and taking care of her father and brother. She states that they lived in a one bedroom apartment and she shared a bed with her brother and her father slept on the couch. She states that many nights they went to bed hungry. Jessica missed a lot of school when she was in elementary school since no one cared to get up in the morning. The only family she had growing up on a regular basis was her father,......

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Developmental Psychology

...Developmental psychology Kohlberg’s Moral Development Theory: Kohlberg’sMoral judgment data from a longitudinal study of 26 undergraduates are scored by Kohlberg’s newly revised manual and replicate his original finding that a significant percentage of subjects appear to regress from adolescence to adulthood. The persistence of relativistic regression in these data suggests the need to revise the theory. The same hypothetical moral dilemmas are also scored according to an alternative coding scheme based on the hypothesis of an adult form of cognitive development. Results indicate that the Kohlberg regressors are progressors when evaluated against a standard of commitment in relativism instead of absolute principles of justice. Real-life data on the same subjects suggest that this progression is related to actual experiences of moral conflict and choice which lead to the restructuring of moral judgment to a more dialectical mode. It is suggested that this alternative notion of postconventional development is necessary for understanding (and scoring) adult moral judgment. Piaget's theory of cognitive development: Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence, first developed by Jean Piaget. It is primarily known as a developmental stage theory, but in fact, it deals with the nature of knowledge itself and how humans come gradually to acquire, construct, and use it. To Piaget, cognitive development......

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Developmental Psychology

...development can be defined as “the field of study that examines patterns of growth, change, and stability in behaviour that occur throughout the entire life span” (Sigelman & Rider, 2011). Lifespan development takes a scientific approach in its study of growth, change and stability as researchers use scientific methods to test their assumptions (Sigelman & Rider, 2011s). Previously child development was the focus of many theorists but within the last two decades lifespan development has begun to be studied empirically. Another justification for lifespan development is that it originates in other disciplines as well such as sociology and anthropology and this suggests that this field of lifespan development did not originate solely from developmental psychologists (Baltes, 1987). There are three relevant areas in lifespan development: physical development which looks at the ways in which the body’s makeup determines behaviour, cognitive development which looks at how growth and change in intellectual capabilities influence a persons behaviour and lastly personality development which is the “study of stability and change in the enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another over the lifespan” (Sigelman & Rider, 2011). Central to lifespan development is the concept of plasticity which refers to “within-person variability and designates the potential that individuals have for different forms of behaviour or development” (Baltes, 1987). The degree of......

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Developmental Disorder

...Developmental Disorders   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Diagnosis The first diagnosed case of ASD was in 1938 by American psychiatrist Leo Kanner. A diagnosis of ASD can be made accurately before the child is 3 years old but the diagnosis of ASD is not commonly confirmed until the child is somewhat older. The ages of diagnosis can range from 9 months to 14 years however the mean age of diagnosis is 13 months. On average each case of ASD is tested at 3 different diagnostic centers before confirmed. Early diagnosis of the disorder can diminish familial stress, speed up referral to special educational programs and influence family planning. In the brain The cause of ASD is still uncertain. ASD is a disorder of the cortex, which controls higher functions, sensation, muscle movements, and memory. What is known is that a child with ASD has a pervasive problem with how the brain is wired. The distribution of white matter, the nerve fibers that link diverse parts of the brain, is abnormal. An ASD child’s brain grows at a very rapid rate and is almost fully grown by the age of 10. Symptoms Signs include impairments in social interactions, communication and repetitive or restricted patterns of interest or behaviors. There are also different symptoms at different ages based on developmental milestones. Children between 0 and 36 months with ASD show lack of eye contact, seem to be deaf, lack of social smile, doesn’t like being touched or held, unusual sensory behavior,...

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Developmental Milestones

...multidisciplinary; which means from scientists from many academic disciplines biology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, economics all contribute to our understanding of human development (Berger, 2012). Children have a set of universal developmental milestones that they will all reach upon a certain time. When children are meeting their developmental milestones there are factors that can come into play that can cause the milestones to vary such as cultural, biological, and environmental. Different cultures have different expectations for their children that can affect their developmental milestones. A milestone that is expected from a specific culture is known as cultural milestone. For instance the Chinese culture used to bind young girls feet, which would hinder their bone development and could also affect the way that they walked (Karasik, Adolph, Tamis-LeMonda, Bornstein, 2010). Cultural milestones can affect the child from reaching or progressing a universal milestone. Another way that development can vary is due to biology or the genetics that are passed down. The interaction of genes from the mother and genes from the father affects the embryo’s growth in many ways (Berger, 2012). Genetics can vary many different developmental stages starting with the embryo. One instance of this is the deciding factor of gender for the baby depends on which chromosome (x or y) was passed from the father. Another instance of how genetics can affect development is with......

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Developmental Approach

...Paul B. Baltes’s Life-Span Developmental Approach 1. Development is lifelong. Development is a lifelong process of change. Each period of the life span is affected by what happened before and will affect what is to come. Each period has unique characteristics and value. No period is more or less important than any other. 2. Development is multidimensional. It occurs along multiple interacting dimensions—biological, psychological, and social—each of which may develop at varying rates. 3. Development is multidirectional. As people gain in one area, they may lose in another, sometimes at the same time. Children grow mostly in one direction—up—both in size and in abilities. Then the balance gradually shifts. Adolescents typically gain in physical abilities, but their facility in learning a new language typically declines. Some abilities, such as vocabulary, often continue to increase throughout most of adulthood; others, such as the ability to solve unfamiliar problems, may diminish; but some new attributes, such as wisdom, may increase with age. People seek to maximize gains by concentrating on doing things they do well and to minimize losses by learning to manage or compensate for them. 4. Relative influences of biology and culture shift over the life span. The process of development is influenced by both biology and culture, but the balance between these influences changes. Biological abilities, such as sensory acuity and muscular strength and coordination,......

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Developmental Role

...from that of the conventional. Modern voluntarism strives to change the social, economic and political position of the poor, the deprived, the oppressed and the weak. In the final analysis, therefore, it aims at redistribution of power, status and wealth. W i t h i n this broad mission though, activities, approaches, ideologies, methods, forms of organisations, techniques and strategies differ widely. Some NGOs are large, others are small: some work directly with people at the grass roots level, others perform support functions of research, documentation and training. Some implement concrete development programmes, others mobilise people to demand their rights and justice. Some like to replicate and expand, others prefer to experiment and demonstrate. Some prefer to collaborate with government and industry, others scrupulously avoid doing so. The variety is so wide and overlapping that it defies any neat classification in terms of activities, functions, approaches and roles [Pandey 1984].Butunderlying all this variety and divergence is the mission of social transformation. There was a growing realisation by the end of the 60s that the state and its political and public institutions had failed to do much about poverty, inequality and injustice. On the contrary, the political processes and developmental policies had often led to the strengthening of the powerful and the rich and increased the stranglehold of the dominant groups over the deprived. It was this realisation and......

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Developmental Psychology

...TO CRITICALLY LOOK AT DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES? . The term development is very broad and multi-dimensional that it is a topic dealt with in almost every discipline. Psychology is also a multi-dimensional discipline, and when encompassing development it constructs a field of study known as developmental psychology. The main focus of this area is on human growth throughout the lifespan. Originally, developmental psychology was concerned with infants and children, but the field has since expanded to include adolescence, adult development and aging. This is due to the fact that although childhood is obviously a time of tremendous change, people also continue to grow and develop during the early adult, middle age, and senior years. Inclusive in this field are related topics such as child development, intellectual development, cognitive development, and the aging process. In simpler terms then, developmental psychology is defined as the scientific study of age-related changes that occur in human beings cross different domains over the course of life. The direct focus of developmental psychology on human growth involves thorough observation and examination in order to be able to categorise and label a being. This marking of belonging to a certain group is another transformation underwent by developmental psychology from......

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Developmental Stage Analysis

...Developmental Stage Analysis The two clients that I have selected for my analysis are two year old Ben who is beginning the toilet training process. And my second client Jake who is forty- five years old and is feeling unappreciated, Jake has recently purchased a corvette after driving a truck for the last twenty years. Ben is going through the Preoperational stage. During this time, children start using language to explore and understand their worlds (rather than relying primarily on sensory and motor activities). In this stage, children ask questions and use symbolic thinking. They may, for example, use words and images to refer to concepts. This is a time for pretending and magical thinking. Children in this phase are somewhat limited by their egocentrism. They can only imagine the world around them from their own perspective. Ben is going through that “the world stops when I say so” phase right now. He expects everyone around him to stop and listen to what he is saying. If he gets the attention he desires, all is well; if not, a screaming fit may ensue. According to Piaget (1936/1952), children in this stage have not yet mastered operations (hence, it is called the preoperational stage), which are the logical reasoning processes that older children and adults use to understand the world. . Licht,D (2014) For example, these children have a difficult time understanding the reversibility of some actions or events. They may have trouble comprehending that...

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Developmental Theories

...Developmental Theories Britny Long NU1320 12/15/2014 ITT Technical Institute Developmental Theories Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two well-known theories of development. Theories that is important when caring for a patient’s personal needs. Sigmund Freud is known for his psychoanalytic theory that has been researched and practiced by many practitioners. One thinker who both underwent and practiced psychoanalysis is Erik Erikson. While Freud believed that development was driven by biological impulses such as the need for food and sex, Erikson emphasized the role of environmental factors and culture (Ollhoff, 1996). Both theorists separate development into stages and use similar age divisions. Freud emphasized the first six years of life as being most crucial for personality development. He lists three stages: the oral stage (first year of life), the anal stage (1-3 years) and the phallic stage (3-6 years). The stages revolve around pleasure centers such as the mouth, anal release and genitals. Latency Stage occurs from age 6 to puberty. During the latency stage, a child represses his/her sex drive and focuses on social skills (Mogg, Stopa, Bradley, 2001). Erikson’s stages cover a person’s lifespan. These stages are based on the analysis of major psychosocial challenges. The first three stages cover infancy and early childhood. The conflicts covered during these three stages are establishing trust, independence...

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Developmental Milestones

...Milestone One: Rule-oriented Games (Physical Domain) Section A: Knowledge of the Developmental Milestones During middle childhood, children’s play undergoes several changes, the most obvious of which is children engage in games with rules. These rule-oriented games include informally organized games as well as formally organized sports, such as little league, club or intramural sports. The former category may be variants on popular sports games, well-known childhood games such as red rover, and invented games that children develop on their own. The principal commonality is that these games have a set of rules and often have multiple roles for players. While informal outdoor play allows children to develop rules and try out multiple scenarios, formal, organized sports allows children to learn rules, appreciate their personal skills, and develop their position on a team. Both types of rule-oriented games are important for developing social competencies and enhanced cognitive capabilities. This milestone develops as children begin to develop more improved motor coordination, a better capacity for information processing, and a heightened social maturity (Berk, 2007, p. 294). The physical skills at play in rule-oriented games include flexibility, balance, agility, and force, reflective of increased muscle strength. All four of these are basic motor capacities which become more refined with the gross motor development of middle childhood. Additionally, children’s enhanced......

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Developmental Analysis

...Developmental Analysis Paper Tianna N. Johnson Liberty University December 7, 2014 ABSTRACT Human growth and development over a lifetime shows how a person evolves from birth to the time of death. Psychologists study the development of children teaching influencing their future. My childhood experiences influences my adulthood, but I have to show maturity. Does this mean that I do the same things I did as I child? What kind of growth did I show from elementary age to high school age? How much of my child will influence my decision-making as I move forward in my developmental stages? Does my spiritual have an impact on how I view myself? I have to take a step back into my past to view my challenges and obstacles. My challenges and obstacles will make or break me. I have to make a decision of what I choose to do with what I go through. Introduction Human growth and development affect daily lives and how a person will develop. My life brought great times and not so good times. With going through these different experiences, it brought about who I am today. I never thought as a child how my choices and experiences would influence my life, as I grew older. Childhood experiences have great influence on how a person grows mentally, physically and, unbelievably, spiritually. I believe that is true in my life due to the childhood experiences I had. A person does not realize how their childhood affected them until something actually occurs, as they grow older. Looking back......

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Developmental Disabilities

...Developmental Disabilities Bimarie Cueto To answer question number one, the specific field of practice that I chose is developmental disabilities. I chose this field of practice because I actually already work in the field and I was interested in learning more about it. Developmental disabilities are long-term problems that an individual may be born with. It can also be having a learning disorder, how one functions, or things that affect the brain. By affecting the brain I mean making it hard for the individual to actually function as others normally do. Like speaking for example, maybe they were born that they can hear an understand you but cannot communicate back to you the way you communicate with them. It can also be that the person cannot hear, or cannot write. But, there are so many centers, agencies, and places to go for and look for help. One thing these individuals need to hear is “you are not alone.” Sometimes they do feel helpless but these trained professionals are here to make them feel like they can make it. As said by Angela Irvine, “For some persons with disabilities, emotions, attitudes, and beliefs are often hard concepts to articulate, especially when trying to infer what others attitudes are. Pg.27” Basically this means that emotions and how a person expresses themselves is totally different. There are people with disabilities whom can flip out very quickly, whereas another can sit there and be calm about the same situation. People are different...

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Developmental Theories

...Developmental Theories 1 Developmental Theories Tammy Weston Child and Adolescent Development PSY 104 December, 20, 2014 Developmental Theories 2 There is nothing more amazing than the growth and development of a child. Several researchers have dedicated years to the study of child development to help us better understand this amazing time in their lives. Though there are many theorists and different branches of their theories, they are narrowed into three categories, maturationist, environmentalist, and constructivist. These three theories allow us to analyze childhood development and better understand how children grow and learn. Although there are many differences in these theories, there are also some similarities. In this paper I will discuss how these theories relate and differ with regards to a child’s development. How do these theories help us understand our children and how they grow and learn? I will also discuss the importance of physical, emotional and cognitive development, to the overall development of a child and why it is imperative for us to not only understand how they develop but how we can help foster that growth. A child begins to develop while in the mother’s womb. The genetics (the makeup) of the child are already in place. (Papalia, Olds, Feldman, 2008) The child inherits genes from both mother and father. Piaget was probably one of most influential cognitive theorists. Piaget was a constructivist which means basically that learning......

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Developmental Analysis

...Developmental Analysis Christina Adkins Liberty University Abstract The development of individuals occurs across a trajectory that has often been thought to be simultaneous. Depending on various physical, psychological, and mental maturity individuals may experience different courses of development within their environment. Erikson discussed various stages that an individual must go through in which a psychosocial crisis presents itself, and if left unresolved the individual may have further issues later on. Development can also be looked at very similarly across most age ranges with increases in cognitive thinking and functioning later on. Developmental Analysis Development has many definitions, varying from gender, age, and even culture. We all experience changes and growth at various times throughout our life that help us transition into the next phases. It is a natural process for humans to age and grow, but also learn from their environments and mistakes. The various stages marked by Erikson often pinpoint vital phases in an individual’s life where challenges are sought out. From the time of infancy until very old age, an individual is constantly developing and changing. There are challenges often brought about with each new stage and older age, but with each phase knowledge is also gained. Infancy From the time of conception until birth, infancy is a very important time for not only the mother but also the infant. Infancy alone offers a rapid rate of......

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DEVELOPMENTAL ANALYSIS 2 Developmental Analysis Development throughout the lifespan includes the prenatal period, infancy and toddlerhood, preschool period, middle childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. The prenatal period occurs from the time of conception to birth, infancy and toddlerhood ranges from birth to 3 years, the preschool period from ages 3 to 6, middle childhood from 6 to 12 years, adolescence from 12 to 20 years old, young adulthood from 20 to 40 years old, middle adulthood from 40 to 65 years old, and late adulthood from 65 years old until death. Each of these developmental periods consists of physical, cognitive, and social/personality changes which are explained by various theorists and theories. There are also many factors throughout the lifespan that influence ones development during each of the stages listed above. Hereditary and one’s environment are also highly influential to the developmental process beginning in the prenatal period. Prenatal Period Twenty eight years ago 25,000 genes, 48 chromosomes, and 23 chromosome pairs created one human cell and the beginning of my development took place (Feldman, 2013). My mother reports the majority of her pregnancy with me as being normal and all testing coming back as normal which indicated that there would most likely be no inherited or genetic disorders. Despite this, she admits to smoking while pregnant, low activity levels, and indulging in foods that were not particularly healthy although her pregnancy remained fairly healthy for several of the most crucial months during the prenatal period. Without warning my mother went into preterm labor at 33 weeks of gestation, 7 weeks early. Doctors were not able to stop labor; I was born 8 hours later weighing 4 lbs. 9oz. and was slightly over 17 inches long. I was a low birth weight baby whose lungs were slightly under developed however with medications and extra

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